Pregnant women’s attitudes towards alcohol consumption


Pregnant women wished to be able to make fully informed decisions and to take responsibility for their own health. They felt that, at present, the available advice and guidelines lacked explanations and supporting evidence. Such findings are important, given that women reported being influenced by perceptions of risk and that many put their unborn child’s needs first. Pregnant women require clear and consistent advice about safe levels of drinking from policy makers and health professionals.

Declaration of Competing Interests
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Authors’ Contributions
We confirm that all authors fulfil the criteria for authorship. All authors contributed core ideas and to writing the paper. NR recruited the sample, carried out the interviews, and helped to draft the manuscript. CB participated in the design and coordination of the study, data analysis, interpretation of the findings, and writing the paper. CG participated in the conception of the study, interpretation of the findings, and writing the paper. KS had the original concept, supervised data collection and the co-ordination of the study, participated in the data analysis and interpretation of the findings, and drafted and finalised the paper. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

We thank all the participants and both reviewers for their helpful comments on the initial submission of the manuscript.


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Neil Raymond, Charlotte Beer, Cristine Glazebrook, Kapil Sayal

Division of Psychiatry, School of Community Health Sciences University of Nottingham, UK

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