Dermatoses in response to pregnancy

Urticaria (hives) and dermographism (wealing in response to pressure, for example scratching) may be precipitated by pregnancy. Erythema multiforme due to pregnancy has been described.


  • Collier P, Kelly SE, Wojnarowska F (1993). Linear IgA disease and pregnancy. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 30, 407-12.
  • Holmes RC, Black MM, Dann J, et al. (1982). A comparative study of toxic erythema of pregnancy and herpes gestationis. British Journal of Dermatology 106, 499-510.
  • Jenkins RE, Hern S, Black MM (1999). Clinical features and management of 87 patients with pemphigoid gestationis. Clinical and Experimental Dermatology 24, 255-9.
  • Kelly SE, Wojnarowska F (1993). Pemphigoid gestationis. European Journal of Dermatology 4, 16-20.
  • Muller S, Stanley JR (1990). Pemphigus: pemphigus vulgaris and pemphigus foliaceus. In: Wojnarowska F and Briggaman RA, eds. Management of blistering disease, pp 43-62.
  • Vaughan Jones SA, Hern S, Nelson-Piercy C, Seed PT, Black MM (1999). A prospective study of 200 women with dermatoses of pregnancy correlating clinical findings with hormonal and immunopathological profiles. British Journal of Dermatology 141, 71-81.

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Revision date: June 11, 2011
Last revised: by Tatiana Kuznetsova, D.M.D.