Cardiology: Signs and Symptoms

Chest Pain

  • Angina
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Aortic dissection
  • Pericarditis
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Pneumonia
  • Pleurisy
  • Pneumothorax
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Esophageal spasm
  • Costochondritis
  • Rib fracture
  • Anxiety

Dyspnea

  • Congestive heart failure
  • Myocardial ischemia
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Restrictive heart disease
  • Pericardial tamponade
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Pneumonia
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Asthma
  • Bronchitis
  • Pleural effusion
  • Pneumothorax
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Interstitial lung disease
  • Upper airway obstruction
  • Anemia
  • Obesity

Syncope

  • Tachyarrhythmias
  • Bradyarrhythmias
  • Aortic stenosis
  • Mitral stenosis
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • Vasovagal syncope
  • Carotid sinus sensitivity
  • Orthostasis
  • Atrial myxoma
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Cerebrovascular accident
  • Seizure
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Anxiety

Palpitations

  • Atrial premature beats
  • Ventricular premature beats
  • Tachyarrhythmias
  • Bradyarrhythmias
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Anxiety
  • Anemia

Edema

  • Heart failure
  • Nephrotic syndrome
  • Cirrhosis
  • Venous insufficiency
  • Deep venous thrombosis
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Lymphedema

Left-Sided Heart Failure

  • Myocardial ischemia
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Ischemic cardiomyopathy
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Valvular heart disease (MS, MR, AS, AI)
  • Myocarditis
  • Infiltrative heart disease
  • Hypertension
  • Restrictive cardiomyopathy
  • Tachyarrhythmias
  • Thyrotoxicosis
  • Arteriovenous fistula
  • Anemia


Right-Sided Heart Failure

  • Left-sided heart failure
  • Right ventricular infarction
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Primary pulmonary hypertension
  • Secondary pulmonary hypertension (e.g., COPD, chronic embolic disease)
  • Constrictive pericarditis
  • Pericardial tamponade
  • Tricuspid regurgitation

Provided by ArmMed Media
Revision date: June 14, 2011
Last revised: by David A. Scott, M.D.