Viral arthritis is inflammation of the joints that results from a viral infection.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Arthritis may be a symptom of many viral illnesses. The duration is usually short, and it usually disappears on its own without any lasting effects. It may be associated with mumps, rubella, human parvovirus, and Hepatitis B. It may also occur after immunization with rubella vaccine. This is a common form of childhood joint discomfort.
- joint pain and joint swelling of one or more joints
Signs and tests
A physical examination shows joint inflammation. A serology for viral agents may be performed.
Treatment is usually pain relievers to alleviate discomfort. If joint inflammation is severe, aspiration of fluid from the affected joint may relieve pain. In general, the arthritis is mild.
The outcome is usually good. Most arthritis disappears within several days to weeks with resolution of the viral illness.
There are usually no complications.
Calling your health care provider
Call for an appointment with your health care provider if arthritis symptoms persist continuously for longer than a few weeks.
There is no known way to prevent viral arthritis.
by Harutyun Medina, M.D.
All ArmMed Media material is provided for information only and is neither advice nor a substitute for proper medical care. Consult a qualified healthcare professional who understands your particular history for individual concerns.