Alkalosis - respiratory
Respiratory alkalosis is a condition of excessive alkalinity of the body fluids, most often associated with respiratory (breathing) disorders. The pH (a measure of acidity) is high and carbon dioxide levels are low.
Common Causes include hyperventilation (increased rate of breathing), anxiety, and fever. The symptoms may include light-headedness, dizziness, and numbness of the hands and feet.
Treatment of alkalosis includes removal of the cause. Breathing into a paper bag - or use of a mask that causes re-breathing of carbon dioxide - helps reduce symptoms in some cases.
Signs and tests
- Arterial blood gas
- Chest x-ray or pulmonary function test
Treatment is aimed at the condition that causes hyperventilation and respiratory alkalosis. Life-threatening respiratory alkalosis is very rare.
The prognosis is based on the condition that causes the respiratory alkalosis.
Seizures may occur if the alkalosis is extremely severe. This is very rare.
by Martin A. Harms, M.D.
All ArmMed Media material is provided for information only and is neither advice nor a substitute for proper medical care. Consult a qualified healthcare professional who understands your particular history for individual concerns.