Nicotine

Definition 
Poisoning from an overdose of nicotine.

Poisonous Ingredient 

Nicotine

Where Found 

     
  • Animal tranquilizers  
  • Some brands of insecticide  
  • Tobacco leaves  
  • Cigarettes  
  • Chewing tobacco  
  • Pipe tobacco  
  • Nicotine gum (Nicorette)  
  • Nicotine-transdermal-patches (Habitrol, Nicoderm)

Note: This list may not be all-inclusive.

Symptoms  

     
  • Muscular twitching  
  • Weakness  
  • Convulsions  
  • Coma  
  • Fainting  
  • Difficulty breathing  
  • Rapid breathing  
  • No breathing  
  • Abdominal cramps  
  • Vomiting  
  • Drooling (increased salivation)  
  • Burning sensation in mouth  
  • Rapid and Pounding heartbeat followed by slow heart rate  
  • Elevated blood pressure followed by decreased blood pressure  
  • Confusion  
  • Depression  
  • headache  
  • Agitation, restlessness, or excitement

Home Treatment 

Seek emergency medical care immediately. Call Poison Control. You may be instructed to INDUCE Vomiting.

If there is skin exposure, wash the area well with soap and water.

Before Calling Emergency 

Determine the following information:

     
  • The patient’s age, weight, and condition  
  • Name of product (as well as the ingredients and strength if known)  
  • When it was swallowed or inhaled  
  • The amount swallowed or inhaled

Poison Control, or a local emergency number 
See poison control centers for the national telephone number. Take any containers with you to the emergency room.

What to expect at the emergency room 

Some or all of the following procedures may be performed:

     
  • May administer activated charcoal.  
  • May administer a laxative.  
  • May use gastric lavage (pump the stomach).  
  • Will treat other symptoms.

Expectations (prognosis) 
Overdose may cause seizures. Recovery depends on the dose, the amount of time before treatment, and severity of seizures. An overdose may be fatal. Unless there are complications, long-term effects from nicotine are uncommon.

Johns Hopkins patient information

Last revised: December 4, 2012
by Janet G. Derge, M.D.

Medical Encyclopedia

  A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | 0-9

All ArmMed Media material is provided for information only and is neither advice nor a substitute for proper medical care. Consult a qualified healthcare professional who understands your particular history for individual concerns.