Hemolytic anemia caused by chemicals and toxins

Alternative names 
Anemia - hemolytic - caused by chemicals or toxins

Definition
Hemolytic anemia or destruction of red blood cells can be caused by factors other than disease.

Possible chemical or physical causes of hemolysis of red blood cells and hemolytic anemia include:

     
  • Anti-malaria drugs (quinolone compounds)  
  • Sulfones  
  • Sulfonamides (sulfasalazine)  
  • Nitrofurantoin  
  • Phenazopyridine  
  • Pyridium  
  • Intravenous water (not half-normal saline or normal saline)  
  • Arsenic  
  • Metals (chromium/chromates, platinum salts, nickel compounds, copper, lead, cis-platinum)  
  • Snake bite (some snake venom contains hemolytic toxins)

Johns Hopkins patient information

Last revised: December 3, 2012
by Levon Ter-Markosyan, D.M.D.

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