Baking powder overdose

Alternative names 
Sodium bicarbonate

Poisoning from an overdose of baking powder.

Poisonous Ingredient
Sodium bicarbonate is the main ingredient of baking powder, which is generally considered to be non-toxic.

Where Found

  • Baking powder

Note: This list may not be all inclusive.


  • Thirst  
  • Abdominal pain  
  • Nausea and/or vomiting (severe)  
  • Diarrhea (severe)

Home Treatment
Do NOT induce vomiting. Dilute with milk or water.

Before Calling Emergency
Determine the following information:

  • The patient’s age, weight, and condition  
  • The name of the product (ingredients and strengths, if known)  
  • The time it was swallowed  
  • The amount swallowed

Poison Control, or a local emergency number
They will instruct you if it is necessary to take the patient to the hospital. See Poison Control Centers for telephone numbers and addresses. Take the container with you to the emergency room.

What to expect at the emergency room

  • Treat the symptoms.

Expectations (prognosis)

While most ingestions of baking powder are considered non-toxic, serious complications from overdoses or allergic reactions may occur.

Johns Hopkins patient information

Last revised: December 7, 2012
by Mamikon Bozoyan, M.D.

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All ArmMed Media material is provided for information only and is neither advice nor a substitute for proper medical care. Consult a qualified healthcare professional who understands your particular history for individual concerns.