POTASSIUM IODIDE - ORAL (poh-TASS-ee-um EYE-oh-dyed)
COMMON BRAND NAME(S):
Potassium iodide is used to prepare for thyroid surgery along with antithyroid medicine; to treat high thyroid levels; to protect the thyroid in a radiation emergency. It also has been used as an expectorant which may help loosen and break up mucous.
HOW TO TAKE THIS MEDICATION:
This medication is usually taken after meals three to four times a day. To administer, measure the prescribed amount using a dropper or special calibrated spoon. Place the medication in a full glass of water, stir and drink immediately. Follow with another glass of water. Take this medication as prescribed. Do not increase your dose or take this more often than directed.
Acne, loss of appetite, or stomach upset may occur the first several days as your body adjusts to the medication. If any of these effects continue or become bothersome, inform your doctor. Notify your doctor if you develop:
fever, weakness, unusual tiredness; swelling in the neck or throat; mouth sores, skin rash, nausea, vomiting, stomach pains, irregular heartbeat; numbness or tingling of the hands or feet; a metallic taste in the mouth. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
Tell your doctor if you have: pre-existing thyroid disease, lung disease, kidney disease, Addison’s disease, tuberculosis, stomach disorders, skin disorders, any allergies. This medication is not recommended for use during pregnancy. Consult your doctor before using this medication. Since small amounts of this medication are found in breast milk, breast-feeding is not recommended while taking this medication. Consult your doctor.
Tell your doctor of any over-the-counter or prescription medication you may take including:
medication for thyroid disease, potassium supplements, “water pills” (diuretics), lithium. Do not start or stop any medicine without doctor or pharmacist approval.
If overdose is suspected, contact your local poison control center or emergency room immediately. Symptoms of overdose may include muscle weakness and irregular heartbeat.
Drink plenty of fluids, especially water while taking this medication. It will help to break up mucus and clear congestion.
If you miss a dose, take it as soon as remembered; do not take it if it is near the time for the next dose, instead, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not “double-up” the dose to catch up.
Store at room temperature between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 to 30 degrees C) away from heat and light. Do not store in the bathroom.
Revision date: June 14, 2011
Last revised: by Janet A. Staessen, MD, PhD
Drugs & Medications
CONDITIONS OF USE: The information in this database is intended to supplement, not substitute for, the expertise and judgment of healthcare professionals. The information is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, drug interactions or adverse effects, nor should it be construed to indicate that use of a particular drug is safe, appropriate or effective for you or anyone else. A healthcare professional should be consulted before taking any drug, changing any diet or commencing or discontinuing any course of treatment.
The drug reference included in this section is provided by Cerner Multum, Inc., of Denver, Colorado. Armenian Medical Network receives monthly updates from Multum.