Probenecid

Probenecid tablets

What are probenecid tablets?
PROBENECID (Benemid®, Probalan®) helps to remove excess uric acid from the body. Uric acid can cause gout or gouty arthritis. Probenecid is not a cure for gout, but can help to prevent recurring gouty attacks. It is not for use in treating an attack of gout, and can make an attack worse. Certain illnesses or medications can cause an increase in uric acid. Probenecid can help to reduce the risk of complications (such as kidney stones) that may arise as a result of an increase in uric acid levels (hyperuricemia). Probenecid can also help to prolong the action of certain antibiotics and make them more effective. Generic probenecid tablets are available.

What should my health care professional know before I take probenecid?
They need to know if you have any of these conditions:

  • blood disorders or disease
  • kidney disease, or kidney stones
  • recent radiation therapy
  • stomach ulcers
  • an unusual or allergic reaction to probenecid, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives
  • pregnant or trying to get pregnant
  • breast-feeding

How should I take this medicine?
Take probenecid tablets by mouth. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Swallow the tablets with a drink of water. Take your doses at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed.

Contact your pediatrician or health care professional regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed.

What if I miss a dose?
If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, take only that dose. Do not take double or extra doses.

What drug(s) may interact with probenecid?

  • alcohol
  • allopurinol
  • antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen)
  • antibiotics including penicillins
  • antiviral medicines such as acyclovir, famciclovir, ganciclovir
  • aspirin and aspirin-like medicines
  • clofibrate
  • diazoxide
  • entacapone
  • ethambutol
  • heparin
  • lorazepam
  • mecamylamine
  • methotrexate
  • nitrofurantoin
  • pyrazinamide, PZA
  • water pills

Tell your prescriber or health care professional about all other medicines you are taking, including non-prescription medicines, nutritional supplements, or herbal products. Also tell your prescriber or health care professional if you are a frequent user of drinks with caffeine or alcohol, if you smoke, or if you use illegal drugs. These may affect the way your medicine works. Check with your health care professional before stopping or starting any of your medicines.

What side effects may I notice from taking probenecid?
Side effects that you should report to your prescriber or health care professional as soon as possible:

  • blood in urine
  • difficulty breathing, wheezing or shortness of breath
  • fever, chills or sore throat
  • lower back or side pain
  • mouth sores
  • pain or difficulty passing urine
  • skin rash and itching (hives)
  • swelling of the feet, ankles, face or lips
  • unusual weakness or tiredness
  • unusual bleeding or bruising

Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your prescriber or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):

  • dizziness
  • flushing
  • frequent passing of urine
  • hair loss
  • headache
  • loss of appetite
  • nausea, vomiting
  • painful or swollen joints

What should I watch for while taking probenecid?
It may take several months before you see the full effect of probenecid. Do not stop taking except on your prescriber or health care professional;s advice. Probenecid is only effective if you keep taking it regularly even if you have an attack of gout. Your prescriber or health care professional will prescribe other tablets to treat an acute attack.

Aspirin and non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs like ibuprofen can make probenecid less effective. Do not treat yourself for headaches or pain; ask your prescriber or health care professional for advice.

Alcohol can increase the amount of uric acid in your body and aggravate gout. Alcohol can also make probenecid less effective. Avoid alcoholic drinks.

Drink 10 or more full glasses of water a day while taking probenecid. This will help to prevent formation of kidney stones and other possible kidney problems by removing excess uric acid. Probenecid works best when the urine is alkaline (non-acidic). Ask your prescriber or health care professional about which foods or juices to avoid, and about other foods, beverages or antacids that may help to make the urine alkaline.

Probenecid can interfere with the results of copper sulfate urine tests (Clinitest®), but not with glucose enzymatic urine sugar tests (Clinistix®). Diabetic patients may get false results.

Where can I keep my medicine?
Keep out of the reach of children in a container that small children cannot open.

Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F). Keep container tightly closed. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date.

Johns Hopkins patient information

Copyright 1996-2014 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 16.02.
Revision date: June 11, 2011
Last revised: by Janet A. Staessen, MD, PhD

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CONDITIONS OF USE: The information in this database is intended to supplement, not substitute for, the expertise and judgment of healthcare professionals. The information is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, drug interactions or adverse effects, nor should it be construed to indicate that use of a particular drug is safe, appropriate or effective for you or anyone else. A healthcare professional should be consulted before taking any drug, changing any diet or commencing or discontinuing any course of treatment.

The drug reference included in this section is provided by Cerner Multum, Inc., of Denver, Colorado. Armenian Medical Network receives monthly updates from Multum.