Oral Contraceptives (By Mouth)
Oral contraceptives are birth control pills.
Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Yasmin, Aviane, Necon 1/35, Ortho-Novum 7/7/7, Low-Ogestrel 28, Low-Ogestrel 21, Ortho-Cyclen, Femhrt 1/5, Alesse 28, Estrostep Fe, Levora-28, Ovcon 35, Zovia 1/35e, Loestrin Fe 1/20
There may be other brand names for this medicine.
When This Medicine Should Not Be Used:
You should not use oral contraceptives if you have ever had an allergic reaction to them or if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. You should not use if you have heart disease or have had a blood clot.
How to Use This Medicine:
Coated Tablet, Tablet
- Your doctor will tell you how much of this medicine to use and how often. Do not use more medicine or use it more often than your doctor tells you to.
- You may take this medicine with food to lessen stomach upset.
- Keep your pills in the container you receive from the pharmacy. Take the pills in the order they appear in the container.
- Take your pill at the same time every day. Swallow the tablet whole. Do not crush, break, or chew it.
If a dose is missed:
- If one dose is missed: Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Take 2 tablets if you do not remember until the next day. Ask your health caregiver if you need to USE ANOTHER KIND OF BIRTH CONTROL until your period begins.
- If you miss two doses in a row: Take 2 pills a day for the next 2 days and then go back to taking one a day. Ask your health caregiver if you need to USE ANOTHER KIND OF BIRTH CONTROL until your period begins.
- If you miss 3 doses in a row: Stop taking this month’s pills AND USE A DIFFERENT METHOD OF BIRTH CONTROL until your period begins; then start a new cycle of pills.
How to Store and Dispose of This Medicine:
- Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light.
- Ask your pharmacist, doctor, or health caregiver about the best way to dispose of any outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
- Keep all medicine away from children and never share your medicine with anyone.
Drugs and Foods to Avoid:
Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.
- Make sure your doctor knows if you are also using any other medicines, such as antibiotics or epilepsy medicine.
Warnings While Using This Medicine:
- Use a different kind of birth control during the first 3 weeks of oral contraceptive use to make sure you are protected from pregnancy.
- Tell your doctor if you have lupus, high blood pressure, epilepsy, asthma, migraine headaches, sugar diabetes, or depressed mood.
- If you smoke while using birth control pills, you increase your risk of having a heart attack, stroke, or blood clot. If you have any questions about the risks in using this medicine, talk to your doctor.
- If you miss two periods in a row, call your doctor for a pregnancy test before you take any more pills.
- You should see your doctor on a regular basis (every 6 months or 1 year) while taking birth control pills.
- It is best to wait 2 or 3 months after stopping birth control pills before you try to get pregnant.
Possible Side Effects While Using This Medicine:
Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:
- Pain in leg (calf), chest, or groin
- Severe headache, sudden vision changes
- Shortness of breath or trouble breathing
- Lumps in breast
- Yellowing of the skin or eyes
If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:
- Bloated feeling or weight gain
- Stomach cramps
- Appetite changes
- Breast tenderness or swelling
- Tired feeling that will not go away
- Vaginal itching or discharge
- Contact lens discomfort
- Sensitivity to sunlight
Revision date: July 6, 2011
Last revised: by Janet A. Staessen, MD, PhD
Drugs & Medications
CONDITIONS OF USE: The information in this database is intended to supplement, not substitute for, the expertise and judgment of healthcare professionals. The information is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, drug interactions or adverse effects, nor should it be construed to indicate that use of a particular drug is safe, appropriate or effective for you or anyone else. A healthcare professional should be consulted before taking any drug, changing any diet or commencing or discontinuing any course of treatment.
The drug reference included in this section is provided by Cerner Multum, Inc., of Denver, Colorado. Armenian Medical Network receives monthly updates from Multum.