The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality today released Adapting Community Call Centers for Crisis Support: A Model for Home-based Care and Monitoring, a new report that recommends expanding the capabilities of poison control centers, nurse advice lines, drug information centers and health agency hotlines to assist persons at home or in public shelters in the event of public health emergencies such as biological attacks or pandemic influenza.
The report and its four appendices include strategies for using these types of community call centers in the event of aerosol anthrax attacks or the outbreak of pandemic influenza, plague or food contamination.
“Community call centers have long been a credible source that people can turn to for health care information,” said AHRQ Director Carolyn M. Clancy, M.D. “Leveraging these existing resources will allow clinics, outpatient departments and emergency departments to devote their attention to caring for those most in need of help.”
“All public health emergencies begin at the local level,” said HHS Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response RADM W. Craig Vanderwagen, M.D., whose office funded the report. “While preparedness is a process that is never completed, reports such as this demonstrate how we can continue to improve the community health services provided during emergencies.”
The report was developed under contract by Denver Health, a member of the AHRQ-funded Accelerating Change and Transformation in Organizations and Networks (ACTION) project. Guidance was provided by a national advisory panel of experts in emergency call center services, public health and epidemiology, emergency preparedness planning, health informatics and other fields.
The strategies and tools are designed to help community call centers respond to callers concerned about their health risks; collect disease surveillance data; assist with sorting calls according to urgency and decision support for health concerns; assist with monitoring or contacting persons quarantined at home; help callers identify dispensed drugs, provide instructions on how to take them, and explain potential adverse reactions; and train health call center staff to identify callers who may benefit from referral to mental health care providers.
The appendices include a national planning scenario matrix that summarizes the 15 national planning scenarios developed by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security; an instructional document describing components of the HELP program, which is the operational platform of Denver Health’s public health hotline; interactive response guidance for monitoring home-quarantined persons, identifying drugs and other needs; and information that call centers can use as part of a home management strategy for people with influenza.
AHRQ has funded more than 60 emergency preparedness-related studies, workshops, and conferences to help hospitals and health care systems prepare for public health emergencies.
Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)