Dan A. Oren, M.D.
Norman E. Rosenthal, M.D.
Although exposure to environmental light has been regarded as therapeutic since ancient times and artificial light has been recommended for a variety of conditions for more than 100 years, the use of visible light for a narrow and specific range of psychiatric conditions has been advocated only in the past 20 years. For a historical perspective, the interested reader is referred elsewhere.
Light therapy in its modern form has usually been administered by means of light boxes, and most research has involved the use of such devices, although newer devices may prove useful. Our focus in this chapter is on the modern use of light therapy.
Antidepressant and Antimanic Medications
Combined Medication and Psychotherapy
Treatment-Resistant Mood Disorders
Treatment of Mood Disorders in the Medically Ill Patient
Strategies and Tactics in the Treatment of Depression
Revision date: July 6, 2011
Last revised: by Janet A. Staessen, MD, PhD