1. Deterioration of personal hygiene
2. Sleeping excessively or inability to sleep
3. Unexpected hostility
4. Extreme preoccupation with religion or with the occult
5. Dropping out of activities- or out of life in general
6. Inappropriate laughter
7. Shaving head or body hair
8. Staring without blinking - or blinking incessantly
9. Peculiar use of words
10. Sensitivity and irritability when touched by others
When someone is experiencing psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions, or grossly disorganized behavior, they are said to be in the acute or active stage of schizophrenia. The active phase indicates full development of the disorder. When patients are in the active phase, they appear psychotic. Their behavior may become so extreme or bizarre that hospitalization is necessary. Once a patient is brought to medical attention, a mental health professional will observe the patient, question the patient, and question the patient’s family members if they are available.
Patterns of Illness
Schizophrenia patients may follow one of several trajectories after experiencing their first acute episode of the illness. About 35 percent of patients have an extremely severe form of the illness and experience multiple episodes interspersed with periods of increasing functional impairment. Approximately one-third of patients experience several psychotic episodes with no impairment between.
About 20 percent of patients have only one psychotic episode and return to their normal level of functioning, and 10 percent have multiple episodes of schizophrenia that are followed by moderate functioning between episodes. Unfortunately, suicide is not uncommon in patients with schizophrenia. Approximately 15 percent of patients successfully commit suicide, often because they hear a voice telling them to do so.
Heather Barnett Veague, Ph.D.
Heather Barnett Veague attended the University of California, Los Angeles,
and received her Ph.D. in psychology from Harvard University in 2004. She
is the author of several journal articles investigating information processing
and the self in borderline personality disorder. Currently, she is the Director
of Clinical Research for the Laboratory of Adolescent Sciences at Vassar
College. Dr. Veague lives in Stockbridge, Massachusetts, with her husband
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- See note 2.
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- Quoted in J.N. Butcher, S. Mineka, and J.M. Hooley, Abnormal Psychology. Pearson: Boston, 2004.
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- E.Q. Wu et al., "The Economic Burden of Schizophrenia in the United States in 2002." Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 66, no. 9 (2005): 1122 - 1129.
- C. Wallace, P.E. Mullen, and P. Burgess, "Criminal Offending in Schizophrenia over a 25-year Period Marked by Deinstitutionalization and Increasing Prevalence of Comorbid Substance Use Disorders." American Journal of Psychiatry, 161 (2004): 716 - 727.
- Suicide and Mental Health Association International, "NARSAD Publishes Top 10 Myths About Mental Illness Based on Nationwide Survey." Available online. URL: http://suicideandmentalhealth associationinternational.org/factsmythsment.html. Accessed February 22, 2007.
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