A new study provides support for the combined therapy of inhaled corticosteroids and antileukotriene drugs in the treatment of asthma.
The study, “Bronchial responsiveness to leukotriene D4 is resistant to inhaled fluticasone propionate”, can be found in the July 2006 issue of the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (JACI), the peer-reviewed journal of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (AAAAI).
Pa"r Gyllfors, MD, Karolinska University Hospital, Solna, Stockholm, Sweden, and colleagues investigated whether bronchial responsiveness to leukotriene D4 (a naturally-occurring substance that is increased in many asthmatic lungs, and that produces allergic reactions much like a histamine) is reduced by a commonly prescribed inhaled corticosteroid treatment, fluticasone propionate.
The researchers conducted their research by having the study’s 13 volunteers participate in an inhalation challenge with methacholine (a drug that stimulates secretions and smooth muscle activity) and leukotriene D4 on consecutive days before and after two weeks of treatment with inhaled fluticasone twice daily.
Study results showed that although the fluticasone propionate therapy vs. placebo for two weeks caused a significant improvement (reduction) in methacholine sensitivity (a measure of airway hyper-responsiveness) and in exhaled nitric oxide (a naturally exhaled gas that increases in concentration in inflamed asthmatic lungs), it had no effect in blocking the broncho-constriction that occurs when leukotrienes are inhaled (nor does it influence the production of leukotrienes, as measured in the urine). The clinical implication of the study, according to the authors, supports synergistic therapy with an inhaled corticosteroid as well as an oral antileukotriene for certain, persistent asthmatic patients.
American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI)
Revision date: July 3, 2011
Last revised: by Jorge P. Ribeiro, MD