A balanced diet refers to intake of appropriate types and adequate amounts of foods and drinks to supply nutrition and energy for the maintenance of body cells, tissues, and organs, and to support normal growth and development.
A well-balanced diet acts to provide sources of energy and nutrition for optimal growth and development.
Milk group (milk and milk products)
- milk, cheese, yogurt
Meat group (meat and meat substitutes)
- meat: chicken, fish, beef, pork, lamb
- legumes: beans and peas
- nuts and seeds
Fruit and vegetable group
Grain group (breads and cereals)
- whole grain breads
- enriched breads
An unbalanced diet can cause problems with maintenance of body tissues, growth and development, brain and nervous system function, as well as problems with bone and muscle systems.
The term “balanced” simply means that a diet adequately meets your nutritional needs while not providing any nutrients in excess. To achieve a balanced diet, you must consume a variety of foods from each of the food groups.
There are several guidelines available to help a person plan their balanced diet. They include:
- The Food Guide Pyramid
- The U.S. Dietary Guidelines (RDA guidelines)
RDA guidelines include:
- eat at least 3 meals each day
- do not skip breakfast
- eat foods from each of the Four Food Groups at every meal
The most important step to eating a balanced diet is to educate yourself with what your body needs, and read the nutrition label and ingredients of all the food that you eat.
Revision date: July 8, 2011
Last revised: by David A. Scott, M.D.