HIV/AIDS patients have modifiable risk factors for developing coronary heart disease

HIV-infected persons have multiple modifiable risk factors for developing coronary heart disease.

According to a recent report published in the Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, “Metabolic complications such as HIV-associated lipodystrophy syndrome are common in patients with HIV-1 infection who are taking highly active antiretroviral therapy.

“HIV-associated lipodystrophy syndrome is characterized by dyslipidemia, fat redistribution, and altered glucose metabolism; however, there has been little study of relationships between these risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD) and lifestyle risks.”

“The aims of this study were to (a) describe the physical activity levels, nutrition habits, and smoking behaviors of persons with HIV-1 infection; (b) describe their CHD risks and estimate 10-year risk for CHD outcomes; and (c) examine the relationship between potentially modifiable lifestyle behaviors and risk factors for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in persons with HIV-1 infection receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy.

“Variables included lipid profile and other metabolic indices, body fat distribution, body mass index, blood pressure, and lifestyle behaviors (physical activity, dietary: habits, smoking),” wrote J. Salyer and colleagues at Virginia Commonwealth University.

“A cross-sectional design and convenience sampling (n=95) was used. Participants had multiple modifiable risk factors: 20% had a 10-year risk of 10% or higher of developing CHD,” investigators reported.

The authors concluded, “Results underscore the need for health promotion interventions to target lifestyle risks in persons with HIV-1 infection taking highly active retroviral therapy.”

Salyer and colleagues published their study in Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care (Coronary heart disease risks and lifestyle behaviors in persons with HIV infection. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care, 2006;17(3):3-17).

For additional information, contact J. Salyer, Virginia Commonwealth University, School Nursing, Medical College Virginia Campus, Richmond, VA 23284, USA.

The publisher’s contact information for the Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care is: Elsevier Science Inc., 360 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10010-1710, USA.

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Revision date: July 6, 2011
Last revised: by Amalia K. Gagarina, M.S., R.D.